Charisma, positive emotions and mood contagion

Charisma, positive emotions and mood contagion In a series of studies, we examine the role of positive emotions in the charismatic leadership process. In Studies 1 and 2, ratings of charisma in a natural work setting were linked to leaders' positive emotional expressions. In Study 3, leaders' positive emotional expressions were linked to mood states of simulated followers. Results suggest that mood contagion may be one of the psychological mechanisms by which charismatic leaders influence followers. In Study 4, we used a trained actor and manipulated leaders' positive emotional expressions to isolate the effects of positive emotions from the potential effects of non-emotional aspects of effective leadership (e.g., vision, other inspirational influence processes). A positive link between leader emotions and follower mood was found. Results also indicate that both leaders' positive emotional expressions and follower mood influenced ratings of leader effectiveness and attraction to the leader. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Leadership Quarterly Elsevier

Charisma, positive emotions and mood contagion

The Leadership Quarterly, Volume 17 (4) – Aug 1, 2006

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Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 2006 Elsevier Inc.
ISSN
1048-9843
DOI
10.1016/j.leaqua.2006.04.008
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

In a series of studies, we examine the role of positive emotions in the charismatic leadership process. In Studies 1 and 2, ratings of charisma in a natural work setting were linked to leaders' positive emotional expressions. In Study 3, leaders' positive emotional expressions were linked to mood states of simulated followers. Results suggest that mood contagion may be one of the psychological mechanisms by which charismatic leaders influence followers. In Study 4, we used a trained actor and manipulated leaders' positive emotional expressions to isolate the effects of positive emotions from the potential effects of non-emotional aspects of effective leadership (e.g., vision, other inspirational influence processes). A positive link between leader emotions and follower mood was found. Results also indicate that both leaders' positive emotional expressions and follower mood influenced ratings of leader effectiveness and attraction to the leader.

Journal

The Leadership QuarterlyElsevier

Published: Aug 1, 2006

References

  • Charisma is contagious: The effect of leaders' charisma on observers' affect
    Cherulnik, P.D.; Donley, K.A.; Wiewel, T.R.; Miller, S.
  • Personality, culture, and subjective well-being: Emotional and cognitive evaluations of life
    Diener, E.; Oishi, S.; Lucas, R.E.
  • Affective influences on judgments and behavior in organizations: An information processing perspective
    Forgas, J.P.; George, J.M.
  • Leader positive mood and group performance: The case of customer service
    George, J.M.
  • Emotional contagion
    Hatfield, E.; Cacioppo, J.T.; Rapson, R.L.
  • Positive affect and decision making
    Isen, A.
  • Empathy and complex task performance: Two routes to leadership
    Kellett, J.B.; Humphrey, R.H.; Sleeth, R.G.
  • Experience sampling mood and its correlates at work
    Miner, A.G.; Glomb, T.M.; Hulin, C.L.
  • Exploring relations between typical and maximum performance ratings and the five-factor model of personality
    Ployhart, R.E.; Lim, B.C.; Chan, K.Y.
  • Leadership style, anonymity, and creativity in group decision support systems: The mediating role of optimal flow
    Sosik, K.; Kahai, S.; Avolio, B.J.

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