Characterization of two- and three-phase relative permeability of water-wet porous media through X-Ray saturation measurements

Characterization of two- and three-phase relative permeability of water-wet porous media through... We present experimental investigations of multi-phase (two-phase (oil/water, oil/gas) and three-phase (oil/water/gas)) relative permeabilities performed on laboratory scale rock cores. Two- and three-phase relative permeabilities data were obtained on two core samples (a Sand-pack and a Berea sandstone) by way of a Steady-State (SS) technique. Spatial and temporal dynamics of in-situ saturations along core samples were directly measured through an X-Ray absorption technology. The latter rendered detailed distributions of (section-averaged) fluid flow phases through the medium, which can then be employed for the characterization of relative permeabilities. The technique also enabled us to clearly identify the occurrence of end-effects during the experiments and to quantify the reliability of corrective strategies. For the oil/water settings we considered low and high viscosity oil, our findings supporting the observation that relative permeability to oil and water was sensitive to oil viscosity. Three-phase experiments were performed by following an IDI (Imbibition-Drainage-Imbibition) saturation path. The complete experimental data-base is here illustrated and juxtaposed to results obtained by the implementation of simple and commonly employed three-phase relative permeability models. In the three-phase setting, water and gas relative permeabilities display an approximately linear dependence on the logarithm of their own saturation. Consistent with the observation that oil behaves as an intermediate phase in our system, three-phase oil relative permeabilities lie in between those of their two-phase counterparts. Our data-set stands as a reliable reference for further model development and testing, as only a limited quantity of three-phase data are currently available. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering Elsevier

Characterization of two- and three-phase relative permeability of water-wet porous media through X-Ray saturation measurements

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Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V.
ISSN
0920-4105
eISSN
1873-4715
D.O.I.
10.1016/j.petrol.2016.05.031
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

We present experimental investigations of multi-phase (two-phase (oil/water, oil/gas) and three-phase (oil/water/gas)) relative permeabilities performed on laboratory scale rock cores. Two- and three-phase relative permeabilities data were obtained on two core samples (a Sand-pack and a Berea sandstone) by way of a Steady-State (SS) technique. Spatial and temporal dynamics of in-situ saturations along core samples were directly measured through an X-Ray absorption technology. The latter rendered detailed distributions of (section-averaged) fluid flow phases through the medium, which can then be employed for the characterization of relative permeabilities. The technique also enabled us to clearly identify the occurrence of end-effects during the experiments and to quantify the reliability of corrective strategies. For the oil/water settings we considered low and high viscosity oil, our findings supporting the observation that relative permeability to oil and water was sensitive to oil viscosity. Three-phase experiments were performed by following an IDI (Imbibition-Drainage-Imbibition) saturation path. The complete experimental data-base is here illustrated and juxtaposed to results obtained by the implementation of simple and commonly employed three-phase relative permeability models. In the three-phase setting, water and gas relative permeabilities display an approximately linear dependence on the logarithm of their own saturation. Consistent with the observation that oil behaves as an intermediate phase in our system, three-phase oil relative permeabilities lie in between those of their two-phase counterparts. Our data-set stands as a reliable reference for further model development and testing, as only a limited quantity of three-phase data are currently available.

Journal

Journal of Petroleum Science and EngineeringElsevier

Published: Sep 1, 2016

References

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