Characterization and toxicity of nanoscale fragments in wastewater treatment plant effluent

Characterization and toxicity of nanoscale fragments in wastewater treatment plant effluent Much attention has been paid to extracting and isolating specific and well-known nanoparticles (especially for engineered nanomaterials) from complex environmental matrices. However, such research may not provide global information on actual contamination because nanoscale fragments exist as mixtures of various elements and matrices in the real environment. The present work first isolated and characterized nanoscale fragments in effluents from municipal wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs). The nanoscale fragments were found to be composed of 70–85% carbon and low amounts of oxygen, heavy metals and other elements and exhibited nanosheet topographies (approximately 0.87–1.31 nm thickness and 68–187 nm lateral length). Because the isolated nanoscale fragments were mixtures rather than one specific type of nanoparticle, they were present at high concentrations ranging from 0.07 to 0.55 mg/L. It was also found that the accumulation of nanoscale fragments in rice reached 0.59 mg/g under exposure to environmentally relevant concentrations, leading to marked phytotoxicity (e.g., ultrastructural damage to chloroplasts and mitochondria). Metabolic analysis revealed the toxicological mechanisms to be related to disorders of carbohydrate, amino acid and fatty acid metabolism. This study is the first to characterize the properties and analyze the toxicity of nanoscale fragments in the effluents of WWTPs. Given that WWTP effluents containing nanoscale fragments are continuously discharged to the soil, surface water and seas, nanoscale fragment materials deserve considerable attention in future work compared with the few widely studied engineered nanoparticles. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Science of the Total Environment Elsevier

Characterization and toxicity of nanoscale fragments in wastewater treatment plant effluent

Loading next page...
 
/lp/elsevier/characterization-and-toxicity-of-nanoscale-fragments-in-wastewater-EmCDosGwXN
Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Elsevier B.V.
ISSN
0048-9697
eISSN
1879-1026
D.O.I.
10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.01.180
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Much attention has been paid to extracting and isolating specific and well-known nanoparticles (especially for engineered nanomaterials) from complex environmental matrices. However, such research may not provide global information on actual contamination because nanoscale fragments exist as mixtures of various elements and matrices in the real environment. The present work first isolated and characterized nanoscale fragments in effluents from municipal wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs). The nanoscale fragments were found to be composed of 70–85% carbon and low amounts of oxygen, heavy metals and other elements and exhibited nanosheet topographies (approximately 0.87–1.31 nm thickness and 68–187 nm lateral length). Because the isolated nanoscale fragments were mixtures rather than one specific type of nanoparticle, they were present at high concentrations ranging from 0.07 to 0.55 mg/L. It was also found that the accumulation of nanoscale fragments in rice reached 0.59 mg/g under exposure to environmentally relevant concentrations, leading to marked phytotoxicity (e.g., ultrastructural damage to chloroplasts and mitochondria). Metabolic analysis revealed the toxicological mechanisms to be related to disorders of carbohydrate, amino acid and fatty acid metabolism. This study is the first to characterize the properties and analyze the toxicity of nanoscale fragments in the effluents of WWTPs. Given that WWTP effluents containing nanoscale fragments are continuously discharged to the soil, surface water and seas, nanoscale fragment materials deserve considerable attention in future work compared with the few widely studied engineered nanoparticles.

Journal

Science of the Total EnvironmentElsevier

Published: Jun 1, 2018

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches

$49/month

Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.

$588

$360/year

billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial