Global social and economic developments are mainly driven by energy. Growing energy demand and environmental consequences have led towards alternative renewable and sustainable energy technologies world-wide. Being the 4th largest primary energy consumer globally, India's energy demand and challenges are multipronged. Considering this, India has initiated one of the world's largest alternative energy programs including solar energy, wind energy, hydro energy, biomass energy etc. Among those, the biomass based energy has been considered as the most promising source of petroleum fuel alternative. In India the biomass derived liquid biofuel have emerged as primary alternative energy source to meet its petroleum fuel demand. This article is mainly focused on to review the feasibility and challenges of liquid biofuel production technologies, associated challenges and constraints in their effective commercialization to meet the energy demand of India. The current biofuel scenario of India and its future perspectives are also elaborated in the present study.
Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews – Elsevier
Published: Nov 1, 2017
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