Cross-ventilation using rooftop wind-catchers is very complex as it is influenced by a wide range of interrelated factors including aerodynamic characteristics of the wind catcher, approach-flow conditions and building geometry. Earlier studies on wind-driven cross-ventilation in buildings have shown the significant impact of the geometry and position of openings on the flow and ventilation performance. However, this has not yet been investigated for cross-ventilation using wind catchers. This paper, therefore, presents a detailed evaluation of the impact of the outlet openings on the ventilation performance of a single-zone isolated building with a wind catcher. The evaluation is based on three ventilation performance indicators: (i) induced airflow rate, (ii) age of air, and (iii) air change efficiency. High-resolution coupled 3D steady RANS CFD simulations of cross-ventilation are performed for different sizes and types of outlet openings. The CFD simulations are validated based on wind-tunnel measurements. The results show that using outlet openings very close to the wind catcher will not increase the induced airflow, while it leads to a considerable reduction in the indoor air quality. A combination of one-sided wind-catcher and window is superior, while the use of two-sided wind-catchers leads to the lowest indoor air quality and air change efficiency.
Renewable Energy – Elsevier
Published: Apr 1, 2018
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera