Although a potential involvement of the CCR5Δ32 variant has already been suggested in relation to susceptibility to hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, data from the literature is still quite controversial. Thus, our study evaluated the influence of the CCR5Δ32 allele variant in HCV infection, HCV/HIV co-infection, and HCV-related diseases in individuals from southern Brazil. A total of 1352 individuals were included in this study, divided into the following groups: Control (n = 274); HCV+ (n = 674); HIV+ (n = 300); HCV+/HIV+ (n = 104). Individuals from the HCV+ group were further stratified according to clinical/histological criteria, as HCV+/control (n = 124); HCV+/fibrosis (n = 268); HCV+/cirrhosis (n = 190); HCV+/hepatocarcinoma (n = 92). Considering all individuals included in this study, the following genotype frequencies were observed: wild-type homozygous (wt/wt), 88.76%; heterozygous (wt/Δ32), 10.72%; variant homozygous (Δ32/Δ32), 0.52%. Genotypic frequencies were very similar between the groups. Of note, the frequency of the Δ32 homozygous was quite similar comparing control uninfected against the HCV+ individuals (p > 0.999). The overall Δ32 allele frequency was estimated at 5.88%. Considering the number of Δ32 allele carriers and non-carriers, no statistically significant differences (p > 0.05) between the groups were observed, suggesting that the CCR5Δ32 variant does not influence the susceptibility to HCV infection, HCV/HIV co-infection, or HCV-related diseases in individuals from southern Brazil.
Infection, Genetics and Evolution – Elsevier
Published: Apr 1, 2018
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