Acerola fruit is native to Central America and adapted very well to Brazil, which in turn became the major worldwide acerola producer, consumer and exporter. Two acerola genotypes were harvested from a Brazilian plantation during the 2003 and 2004 summer harvests. Both genotypes presented β-carotene (265.5–1669.4 μg/100 g), lutein (37.6–100.7 μg/100 g), β-cryptoxanthin (16.3–56.5 μg/100 g) and α-carotene (7.8–59.3 μg/100 g) as the major carotenoids. In both harvests, the β-carotene, β-cryptoxanthin and α-carotene levels were higher in the Olivier genotype, whereas the lutein content was higher in the Waldy Cati 30 genotype. Due to higher sunlight exposure, the fruits harvested in 2004 showed higher total carotenoid contents than those from the 2003 harvest. Acerola, especially the Olivier genotype, with 148–283 RE/100 g, can be considered as a good source of provitamin A.
Food Research International – Elsevier
Published: Oct 1, 2005
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