Many industrial sulphate rich wastewaters are deficient in electron donors to achieve complete sulphate removal. Therefore, pure and expensive chemicals are supplied externally. In this study, carbohydrate based polymers (CBP) as potato (2 and 5 mm3), filter paper (2 and 5 mm2) and crab shell (2 and 4 mm Ø) were tested as slow release electron donors (SRED) for biological sulphate reduction at 30 °C and initial pH of 7.0. Using the CBP as SRED, sulphate reduction was carried out at different rates: filter paper 0.065–0.050 > potato 0.022–0.034 > crab shell 0.006–0.009 mg SO42−.mg VSS−1d−1. These were also affected by the hydrolysis-fermentation rates: potato 0.087–0.070 > filter paper 0.039–0.047 > crab shell 0.011–0.028 mg CODS.mg VSS−1d−1, respectively. Additionally, the sulphate removal efficiencies using filter paper (cellulose, > 98%), potato (starch, > 82%) and crab shell (chitin, > 32%) were achieved only when using CBP as SRED and in the absence of other easily available electron donors. This study showed that the natural characteristics of the CBP limited the hydrolysis-fermentation step and, therefore, the sulphate reduction rates.
Journal of Environmental Management – Elsevier
Published: Sep 15, 2017
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera