Cannabis use and anxiety in daily life: a naturalistic investigation in a non-clinical population

Cannabis use and anxiety in daily life: a naturalistic investigation in a non-clinical population The study's objective was to investigate in a non-clinical population the association between cannabis use and anxiety in daily life using the Experience Sampling Method (ESM). Seventy-nine subjects with high or low levels of cannabis use were selected among a sample of 685 undergraduate university students. ESM was used to collect information on cannabis use and state-anxiety in daily life. DSM-IV diagnoses were assessed using a structured clinical interview. Statistical analyses were performed using multilevel linear random regression models. There was no significant association between the level of state anxiety and cannabis use in daily life. However, a diagnosis of agoraphobia was significantly associated with increased likelihood of cannabis use, independent of state anxiety and other confounding factors. No evidence was found for an anxiolytic or anxiogenic effect of cannabis in daily life. This finding does not support the hypothesis that subjects with high levels of anxiety use cannabis as a means of self-medication. The association between agoraphobia and cannabis use in daily life may be explained by anticipatory anxiety secondary to previous cannabis-induced panic-like symptoms. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Psychiatry Research Elsevier

Cannabis use and anxiety in daily life: a naturalistic investigation in a non-clinical population

Loading next page...
 
/lp/elsevier/cannabis-use-and-anxiety-in-daily-life-a-naturalistic-investigation-in-zkE5fw5lCy
Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 2003 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd
ISSN
0165-1781
DOI
10.1016/S0165-1781(03)00052-0
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The study's objective was to investigate in a non-clinical population the association between cannabis use and anxiety in daily life using the Experience Sampling Method (ESM). Seventy-nine subjects with high or low levels of cannabis use were selected among a sample of 685 undergraduate university students. ESM was used to collect information on cannabis use and state-anxiety in daily life. DSM-IV diagnoses were assessed using a structured clinical interview. Statistical analyses were performed using multilevel linear random regression models. There was no significant association between the level of state anxiety and cannabis use in daily life. However, a diagnosis of agoraphobia was significantly associated with increased likelihood of cannabis use, independent of state anxiety and other confounding factors. No evidence was found for an anxiolytic or anxiogenic effect of cannabis in daily life. This finding does not support the hypothesis that subjects with high levels of anxiety use cannabis as a means of self-medication. The association between agoraphobia and cannabis use in daily life may be explained by anticipatory anxiety secondary to previous cannabis-induced panic-like symptoms.

Journal

Psychiatry ResearchElsevier

Published: May 1, 2003

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create folders to
organize your research

Export folders, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off