Buprenorphine reduces cocaine self-administration by rhesus monkeys, opiate- and cocaine-dependent men and polydrug abusers, but the mechanisms underlying these cocaine-opiate interactions are not well understood. In the present study, the effects of daily placebo or buprenorphine (0.1,0.3 and 1.0 mg/kg) treatment on cocaine self-administration (0.001–0.3 mg/kg/inject) were examined in five cocaine-experienced rhesus monkeys. Saline and each of six cocaine doses were available in an irregular order. Responding for cocaine (or saline) and food was maintained on a second order FR4 (VR 16:5) schedule of reinforcement. During placebo treatment, the daily number of cocaine injections increased as the unit dose was increased and then decreased at higher doses. Cocaine doses that maintained the highest rates of responding during placebo treatment were more resistant to buprenorphine's effects. The typical increase in response rate during the first five cocaine injections of a session also was attenuated by buprenorphine. The ascending limb of the cocaine dose-response curve was shifted downward and approximately one log unit to the right during low-dose buprenorphine treatment (0.1 mg/kg/day). In contrast, individual response rates for food pellets were unaffected. We conclude that buprenorphine selectively decreases self-administration of some unit doses of cocaine at doses that have minimal effects on food-maintained responding.
Drug and Alcohol Dependence – Elsevier
Published: Nov 1, 1995
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera