This essay contains a general introduction to the segmental paradigm postulated for interpreting morphologically cellular and molecular data on the developing forebrain of vertebrates. The introduction examines the nature of the problem, indicating the role of topological analysis in conjunction with analysis of various developmental cell processes in the developing brain. Another section explains how morphological analysis in essence depends on assumptions (paradigms), which should be reasonable and well founded in other research, but must remain tentative until time reveals their necessary status as facts for evolving theories (or leads to their substitution by alternative assumptions). The chosen paradigm affects many aspects of the analysis, including the sectioning planes one wants to use and the meaning of what one sees in brain sections. Dorsoventral patterning is presented as the fundament for defining what is longitudinal, whereas less well-understood anteroposterior patterning results from transversal regionalization. The concept of neural segmentation is covered, first historically, and then step by step, explaining the prosomeric model in basic detail, stopping at the diencephalon, the extratelencephalic secondary prosencephalon, and the telencephalon. A new pallial model for telencephalic development and evolution is presented as well, updating the proposed homologies between the sauropsidian and mammalian telencephalon.
Brain Research Bulletin – Elsevier
Published: Aug 1, 2001
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