Fuel economy and reduction of harmful elements in lubricants are becoming important issues in the automotive industry. An approach to respond to these requirements is the potential use of low friction coatings in engine components exposed to boundary lubrication conditions. Diamond-like-carbon (DLC) coatings present a wide range of tribological behavior, including friction coefficients in ultra-high vacuum below 0.02. The engine oil environment which provides similar favourable air free conditions might lead to such low friction levels. In this work, the friction and wear properties of DLC coatings in boundary lubrication conditions have been investigated as a function of the hydrogen content in the carbon coating. Their interaction with ZDDP which is the exclusive antiwear agent in most automotive lubrication blends and friction-modifier additive MoDTC has been studied. Hydrogenated DLC coatings can be better lubricated in the presence of the friction-modifier additive MoDTC through the formation of MoS 2 solid lubricant material than can non-hydrogenated DLC. In contrast, the antiwear additive ZDDP does not significantly affect the wear behavior of DLC coatings. The good tribological performances of the DLC coatings suggest that they can contribute to reduce friction and wear in the engine, and so permit the significant decrease of additive concentration.
Tribology International – Elsevier
Published: Mar 1, 2005
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