First used and approved over a decade ago for the treatment of strabismus (or misaligned eyes), botulinum toxin (BTX) has demonstrated efficacy in blepharospasm, hemifacial spasm, spastic lower eyelid entropion, and a number of other disorders seen in the traditional medical environment that are characterized by abnormal muscle contraction. Moreover, other conditions—notably some pain and gastrointestinal disorders—have responded to BTX injections.
Clinics in Dermatology – Elsevier
Published: Jan 1, 2004
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