Biphasic effects of zonisamide on serotonergic system in rat hippocampus

Biphasic effects of zonisamide on serotonergic system in rat hippocampus To study the mechanisms of antiepileptic action of zonisamide (ZNS), we determined the effects of ZNS on extracellular, total levels and re-uptake activity of serotonin (5-HT) in rat striatum and hippocampus. After acute administrations, plasma ZNS concentrations associated with anticonvulsive action (effective concentrations) increased the total levels of 5-HT, its metabolise (5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid: 5-HIAA) and precursor (5-hydroxytryptophan: 5-HTP). After chronic administration of ZNS, effective plasma concentrations also increased the extracellular and total levels of 5-HT, 5-HIAA, and 5-HTP. On the other hand, after both acute and chronic administrations of ZNS, a supra-effective ZNS concentration either decreased or did not affect the total levels of these substances. Therefore, the stimulatory effects of ZNS on the 5-HT system were reduced by an increase in ZNS concentration to supra-effective concentrations. ZNS concentrations of 30–1000 μM did not affect hippocampal 5HT re uptake activity in vitro. These results suggest that ZNS has biphasic effects on the 5-HT system, in that effective concentrations of ZNS enhance and supra-effective concentrations of ZNS reduce the function of the 5-HT system. These biphasic effects of ZNS on the 5-HT system may be involved in the mechanisms of action of the antiepileptic and psychotropic effects, and side effects of ZNS. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Epilepsy Research Elsevier

Biphasic effects of zonisamide on serotonergic system in rat hippocampus

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Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 1999 Elsevier Science B.V.
ISSN
0920-1211
DOI
10.1016/S0920-1211(98)00109-0
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

To study the mechanisms of antiepileptic action of zonisamide (ZNS), we determined the effects of ZNS on extracellular, total levels and re-uptake activity of serotonin (5-HT) in rat striatum and hippocampus. After acute administrations, plasma ZNS concentrations associated with anticonvulsive action (effective concentrations) increased the total levels of 5-HT, its metabolise (5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid: 5-HIAA) and precursor (5-hydroxytryptophan: 5-HTP). After chronic administration of ZNS, effective plasma concentrations also increased the extracellular and total levels of 5-HT, 5-HIAA, and 5-HTP. On the other hand, after both acute and chronic administrations of ZNS, a supra-effective ZNS concentration either decreased or did not affect the total levels of these substances. Therefore, the stimulatory effects of ZNS on the 5-HT system were reduced by an increase in ZNS concentration to supra-effective concentrations. ZNS concentrations of 30–1000 μM did not affect hippocampal 5HT re uptake activity in vitro. These results suggest that ZNS has biphasic effects on the 5-HT system, in that effective concentrations of ZNS enhance and supra-effective concentrations of ZNS reduce the function of the 5-HT system. These biphasic effects of ZNS on the 5-HT system may be involved in the mechanisms of action of the antiepileptic and psychotropic effects, and side effects of ZNS.

Journal

Epilepsy ResearchElsevier

Published: Apr 1, 1999

References

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