Biotechnology—a sustainable alternative for chemical industry

Biotechnology—a sustainable alternative for chemical industry This review outlines the current and emerging applications of biotechnology, particularly in the production and processing of chemicals, for sustainable development. Biotechnology is “the application of scientific and engineering principles to the processing of materials by biological agents”. Some of the defining technologies of modern biotechnology include genetic engineering; culture of recombinant microorganisms, cells of animals and plants; metabolic engineering; hybridoma technology; bioelectronics; nanobiotechnology; protein engineering; transgenic animals and plants; tissue and organ engineering; immunological assays; genomics and proteomics; bioseparations and bioreactor technologies. Environmental and economic benefits that biotechnology can offer in manufacturing, monitoring and waste management are highlighted. These benefits include the following: greatly reduced dependence on nonrenewable fuels and other resources; reduced potential for pollution of industrial processes and products; ability to safely destroy accumulated pollutants for remediation of the environment; improved economics of production; and sustainable production of existing and novel products. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Biotechnology Advances Elsevier

Biotechnology—a sustainable alternative for chemical industry

Biotechnology Advances, Volume 23 (7) – Nov 1, 2005

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Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 2005 Elsevier Inc.
ISSN
0734-9750
D.O.I.
10.1016/j.biotechadv.2005.03.004
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

This review outlines the current and emerging applications of biotechnology, particularly in the production and processing of chemicals, for sustainable development. Biotechnology is “the application of scientific and engineering principles to the processing of materials by biological agents”. Some of the defining technologies of modern biotechnology include genetic engineering; culture of recombinant microorganisms, cells of animals and plants; metabolic engineering; hybridoma technology; bioelectronics; nanobiotechnology; protein engineering; transgenic animals and plants; tissue and organ engineering; immunological assays; genomics and proteomics; bioseparations and bioreactor technologies. Environmental and economic benefits that biotechnology can offer in manufacturing, monitoring and waste management are highlighted. These benefits include the following: greatly reduced dependence on nonrenewable fuels and other resources; reduced potential for pollution of industrial processes and products; ability to safely destroy accumulated pollutants for remediation of the environment; improved economics of production; and sustainable production of existing and novel products.

Journal

Biotechnology AdvancesElsevier

Published: Nov 1, 2005

References

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