Biodegradable unsaturated polyesters containing2,3-butanediol for engineering applications: Synthesis, characterization and performances

Biodegradable unsaturated polyesters containing2,3-butanediol for engineering applications:... Highly purified 2,3-butanediol (2,3-BDO) was obtained from glycerol by using metabolically engineered Escherichia coli through biosynthetic pathways. The bio-elastomers with high strength and elasticity was then prepared from the synthetic 2,3-butanediol and several commercially renewable monomers as promising materials for engineering applications. The molecular weights, chemical structures, and thermal transitions of the bio-elastomers were confirmed by GPC, NMR, FTIR, TGA, DSC and WAXD. Importantly, the introduction of 2,3-BDO can limit and even prevent the crystallization of these bio-elastomers, which makes them amorphous and ensure their high elasticity. Furthermore, the bio-elastomers were highly reinforced with nanosilica which can meet the requirements for the majority of rubber products. Results of in vitro degradation tests prove these bio-elastomers can adjust the degradation rate of their composites by crosslinking. Cell adhesion and proliferation were adopted to evaluate the potential biocompatibility of SiO2/PBPSSI composites and the results indicated that all the SiO2/PBPSSI composites were essentially noncytotoxic. In general, the petroleum-independent monomers, relatively simple synthesis and adjustable degradation rate could greatly reduce environmental impact and the fine mechanical properties and excellent biocompatibility make these novel synthetic bio-elastomers sustainable materials for engineering applications. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Polymer Elsevier

Biodegradable unsaturated polyesters containing2,3-butanediol for engineering applications: Synthesis, characterization and performances

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Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd
ISSN
0032-3861
D.O.I.
10.1016/j.polymer.2016.01.007
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Highly purified 2,3-butanediol (2,3-BDO) was obtained from glycerol by using metabolically engineered Escherichia coli through biosynthetic pathways. The bio-elastomers with high strength and elasticity was then prepared from the synthetic 2,3-butanediol and several commercially renewable monomers as promising materials for engineering applications. The molecular weights, chemical structures, and thermal transitions of the bio-elastomers were confirmed by GPC, NMR, FTIR, TGA, DSC and WAXD. Importantly, the introduction of 2,3-BDO can limit and even prevent the crystallization of these bio-elastomers, which makes them amorphous and ensure their high elasticity. Furthermore, the bio-elastomers were highly reinforced with nanosilica which can meet the requirements for the majority of rubber products. Results of in vitro degradation tests prove these bio-elastomers can adjust the degradation rate of their composites by crosslinking. Cell adhesion and proliferation were adopted to evaluate the potential biocompatibility of SiO2/PBPSSI composites and the results indicated that all the SiO2/PBPSSI composites were essentially noncytotoxic. In general, the petroleum-independent monomers, relatively simple synthesis and adjustable degradation rate could greatly reduce environmental impact and the fine mechanical properties and excellent biocompatibility make these novel synthetic bio-elastomers sustainable materials for engineering applications.

Journal

PolymerElsevier

Published: Feb 10, 2016

References

  • Polym. Degrad. Stab.
    Lei, L.; Li, L.; Zhang, L.

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