Biochar composite membrane for high performance pollutant management: Fabrication, structural characteristics and synergistic mechanisms

Biochar composite membrane for high performance pollutant management: Fabrication, structural... Biochar, a natural sourced carbon-rich material, has been used commonly in particle shape for carbon sequestration, soil fertility and environmental remediation. Here, we report a facile approach to fabricate freestanding biochar composite membranes for the first time. Wood biochars pyrolyzed at 300 °C and 700 °C were blended with polyvinylidene fluoride (PVdF) in three percentages (10%, 30% and 50%) to construct membranes through thermal phase inversion process. The resultant biochar composite membranes possess high mechanical strength and porous structure with uniform distribution of biochar particles throughout the membrane surface and cross-section. The membrane pure water flux was increased with B300 content (4825–5411 ± 21 L m−2 h−1) and B700 content (5823–6895 ± 72 L m−2 h−1). The membranes with B300 were more hydrophilic with higher surface free energy (58.84–60.31 mJ m−2) in comparison to B700 (56.32–51.91 mJ m−2). The biochar composite membranes indicated promising adsorption capacities (47–187 mg g−1) to Rhodamine B (RhB) dye. The biochar membranes also exhibited high retention (74–93%) for E. coli bacterial suspensions through filtration. After simple physical cleaning, both the adsorption and sieving capabilities of the biochar composite membranes could be effectively recovered. Synergistic mechanisms of biochar/PVdF in the composite membrane are proposed to elucidate the high performance of the membrane in pollutant management. The multifunctional biochar composite membrane not only effectively prevent the problems caused by directly using biochar particle as sorbent but also can be produced in large scale, indicating great potential for practical applications. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Transportation Research Part C: Emerging Technologies Elsevier

Biochar composite membrane for high performance pollutant management: Fabrication, structural characteristics and synergistic mechanisms

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Publisher
Pergamon
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd
ISSN
0968-090X
D.O.I.
10.1016/j.envpol.2017.09.099
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Biochar, a natural sourced carbon-rich material, has been used commonly in particle shape for carbon sequestration, soil fertility and environmental remediation. Here, we report a facile approach to fabricate freestanding biochar composite membranes for the first time. Wood biochars pyrolyzed at 300 °C and 700 °C were blended with polyvinylidene fluoride (PVdF) in three percentages (10%, 30% and 50%) to construct membranes through thermal phase inversion process. The resultant biochar composite membranes possess high mechanical strength and porous structure with uniform distribution of biochar particles throughout the membrane surface and cross-section. The membrane pure water flux was increased with B300 content (4825–5411 ± 21 L m−2 h−1) and B700 content (5823–6895 ± 72 L m−2 h−1). The membranes with B300 were more hydrophilic with higher surface free energy (58.84–60.31 mJ m−2) in comparison to B700 (56.32–51.91 mJ m−2). The biochar composite membranes indicated promising adsorption capacities (47–187 mg g−1) to Rhodamine B (RhB) dye. The biochar membranes also exhibited high retention (74–93%) for E. coli bacterial suspensions through filtration. After simple physical cleaning, both the adsorption and sieving capabilities of the biochar composite membranes could be effectively recovered. Synergistic mechanisms of biochar/PVdF in the composite membrane are proposed to elucidate the high performance of the membrane in pollutant management. The multifunctional biochar composite membrane not only effectively prevent the problems caused by directly using biochar particle as sorbent but also can be produced in large scale, indicating great potential for practical applications.

Journal

Transportation Research Part C: Emerging TechnologiesElsevier

Published: Jan 1, 2018

References

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