Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 144 (2017) 543–551 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety journal homepage: www.elsevier.com/locate/ecoenv Bioavailability of coated and uncoated ZnO nanoparticles to cucumber in MARK soil with or without organic matter a a, b c Sahar Moghaddasi , Amir Fotovat , Amir Hossein Khoshgoftarmanesh , F. Karimzadeh , d a Hamid Reza Khazaei , Reza Khorassani Department of Soil Science, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, 91775-1163 Mashhad, Iran Department of Soil Science, College of Agriculture, Isfahan University of Technology, 84156-83111 Isfahan, Iran Department of Materials Engineering, Isfahan University of Technology, 84156-83111 Isfahan, Iran Department of Crop Science, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Iran ARTICLE I NFO ABSTRACT Keywords: There is a gap of knowledge for the fate, eﬀects and bioavailability of coated and uncoated ZnO nanoparticles Zinc oxide nano particles (NPs) in soil. Moreover, little is known about the eﬀects of soil properties on eﬀects of NPs on plants. In this Soil fractionation study, the availability ZnO NPs in two soils with diﬀerent organic matter content (one treated with cow manure Uptake (CM) and the other as untreated) was compared with their bulk particles. Results showed that coated and uncoated ZnO NPs can be more bioaccessible
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