Bioaccumulation and sources of metal(loid)s in lilies and their potential health risks

Bioaccumulation and sources of metal(loid)s in lilies and their potential health risks Dietary intake of metal(loid)s can seriously affect human health, but the levels, the bioaccumulation, sources and related health risks of As, Cd, Cr and Pb in cultivated lilies, particularly for Lilium davidii var. unicolor, remain unresolved. We collected 35 lily samples aged 1–6 years from farmlands of two types of soil (heilu soils and loessal soils) in Qilihe district in 2016 and analysed the concentrations of As, Cd, Cr and Pb in bulbs, the soil-bulb bioaccumulation and the potential sources of these elements in bulbs. Non-carcinogenic and carcinogenic risks by consuming lilies were also assessed. Concentrations of four elements decreased in the order of Cr > Pb > Cd > As, and soil-bulb BCFs in the order of BCFCd > BCFCr > BCFPb > BCFAs. The Cd concentration of bulbs of lilies which grew in heilu soils was statistically higher than that of bulbs of lilies which grew in loessal soils, and the Cd concentration of bulbs of lilies aged 1–3 years was statistically higher than that of bulbs of lilies aged 4–6 years. Levels and soil-bulb BCFs of Cr and Pb of two-bulbed lilies were statistically higher than those of one-bulbed lilies. Farmyard manure may be a primary source of Cd in soil. There existed overall potential non-carcinogenic effects by exposure to the combination of four elements. Dietary intake of Cr posed carcinogenic risks to both adults and children. Non-carcinogenic and carcinogenic risks were higher for adults than children. Concluding, the edible parts of lily were significantly polluted by Cr and Pb but not by As and Cd. The number of bulbs significantly impacted concentrations and soil-bulb BCFs of Cr and Pb, but the reason for which needs further studies. Non-carcinogenic and carcinogenic risks caused by lily consumption should not be neglected. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety Elsevier

Bioaccumulation and sources of metal(loid)s in lilies and their potential health risks

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Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd
ISSN
0147-6513
eISSN
1090-2414
D.O.I.
10.1016/j.ecoenv.2017.12.063
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Dietary intake of metal(loid)s can seriously affect human health, but the levels, the bioaccumulation, sources and related health risks of As, Cd, Cr and Pb in cultivated lilies, particularly for Lilium davidii var. unicolor, remain unresolved. We collected 35 lily samples aged 1–6 years from farmlands of two types of soil (heilu soils and loessal soils) in Qilihe district in 2016 and analysed the concentrations of As, Cd, Cr and Pb in bulbs, the soil-bulb bioaccumulation and the potential sources of these elements in bulbs. Non-carcinogenic and carcinogenic risks by consuming lilies were also assessed. Concentrations of four elements decreased in the order of Cr > Pb > Cd > As, and soil-bulb BCFs in the order of BCFCd > BCFCr > BCFPb > BCFAs. The Cd concentration of bulbs of lilies which grew in heilu soils was statistically higher than that of bulbs of lilies which grew in loessal soils, and the Cd concentration of bulbs of lilies aged 1–3 years was statistically higher than that of bulbs of lilies aged 4–6 years. Levels and soil-bulb BCFs of Cr and Pb of two-bulbed lilies were statistically higher than those of one-bulbed lilies. Farmyard manure may be a primary source of Cd in soil. There existed overall potential non-carcinogenic effects by exposure to the combination of four elements. Dietary intake of Cr posed carcinogenic risks to both adults and children. Non-carcinogenic and carcinogenic risks were higher for adults than children. Concluding, the edible parts of lily were significantly polluted by Cr and Pb but not by As and Cd. The number of bulbs significantly impacted concentrations and soil-bulb BCFs of Cr and Pb, but the reason for which needs further studies. Non-carcinogenic and carcinogenic risks caused by lily consumption should not be neglected.

Journal

Ecotoxicology and Environmental SafetyElsevier

Published: Apr 30, 2018

References

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