Atypical variants of nonketotic hyperglycinemia

Atypical variants of nonketotic hyperglycinemia Clinical symptoms in atypical nonketotic hyperglycinemia (NKH) are heterogeneous, in sharp contrast to uniform severe neurological symptoms in the classical NKH. A review of the literature of atypical NKH cases reveals three forms: neonatal , infantile , and late onset . The presentation in the neonatal form is similar to the classical one but the subsequent outcome is significantly better. Mental retardation and behavioral abnormalities are prevalent in both infantile and late onset forms although the phenotype in late onset atypical NKH is more heterogeneous. Patients with the atypical NKH tend to have a lower CSF/plasma glycine ratio when compared with the classical form, but overlap occurs. Hyperglycinemia in the neonatal and infantile atypical NKH, similar to the classical form, is caused by a deficient glycine cleavage system, whereas the cause of hyperglycinemia in late onset atypical NKH is unknown. A mutation of the T-protein AMT gene and several mutations of P-protein GLDC gene have been identified in homozygous or compound heterozygous state. Some of the GLDC mutations are associated with residual glycine decarboxylase activity when expressed in COS7 cells and early therapeutic intervention may be crucial to improve the outcome in patients harboring such mutations. Identification of more mutations causing atypical NKH and information about the mutations’ effect on enzyme activity may help to predict patients with a milder phenotype as well as those who may respond to early therapeutic intervention. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Molecular Genetics and Metabolism Elsevier

Atypical variants of nonketotic hyperglycinemia

Loading next page...
 
/lp/elsevier/atypical-variants-of-nonketotic-hyperglycinemia-O7Uw9HETcD
Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 2005 Elsevier Inc.
ISSN
1096-7192
eISSN
1096-7206
DOI
10.1016/j.ymgme.2005.07.016
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Clinical symptoms in atypical nonketotic hyperglycinemia (NKH) are heterogeneous, in sharp contrast to uniform severe neurological symptoms in the classical NKH. A review of the literature of atypical NKH cases reveals three forms: neonatal , infantile , and late onset . The presentation in the neonatal form is similar to the classical one but the subsequent outcome is significantly better. Mental retardation and behavioral abnormalities are prevalent in both infantile and late onset forms although the phenotype in late onset atypical NKH is more heterogeneous. Patients with the atypical NKH tend to have a lower CSF/plasma glycine ratio when compared with the classical form, but overlap occurs. Hyperglycinemia in the neonatal and infantile atypical NKH, similar to the classical form, is caused by a deficient glycine cleavage system, whereas the cause of hyperglycinemia in late onset atypical NKH is unknown. A mutation of the T-protein AMT gene and several mutations of P-protein GLDC gene have been identified in homozygous or compound heterozygous state. Some of the GLDC mutations are associated with residual glycine decarboxylase activity when expressed in COS7 cells and early therapeutic intervention may be crucial to improve the outcome in patients harboring such mutations. Identification of more mutations causing atypical NKH and information about the mutations’ effect on enzyme activity may help to predict patients with a milder phenotype as well as those who may respond to early therapeutic intervention.

Journal

Molecular Genetics and MetabolismElsevier

Published: Sep 1, 2005

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create folders to
organize your research

Export folders, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off