Assessment of the quality of refrigerated and frozen pork by multivariate exploratory techniques

Assessment of the quality of refrigerated and frozen pork by multivariate exploratory techniques Pork loin and leg were evaluated 24h after slaughter and during refrigerated (5°C) and frozen storage for microbial counts, pH, total volatile base nitrogen (TVB-N), thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) and bioactive amines. Spermine was the prevalent amine in fresh pork loin and leg, followed by spermidine and agmatine. During refrigerated storage, pH, TVB-N, mesophilic and psychrotrophic counts increased and no changes (p<0.05) were observed on polyamines; however putrescine, cadaverine and histamine were produced and accumulated throughout storage. Principal Component Analysis (PCA) and Hierarchical Cluster Analysis (HCA) for all parameters indicated a shelf life of 8days for both cuts, which was also coherent with safety regarding histamine levels. During frozen storage, there was no change on amines and pH, TVB-N decreased, and TBARS increased. None biogenic amine was produced. PCA and HCA were not able to classify frozen pork based on the analyzed parameters; however, a shelf life of 90days was suggested for the frozen cuts based on lipid oxidation. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Meat Science Elsevier

Assessment of the quality of refrigerated and frozen pork by multivariate exploratory techniques

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Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Ltd
ISSN
0309-1740
D.O.I.
10.1016/j.meatsci.2018.01.004
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Pork loin and leg were evaluated 24h after slaughter and during refrigerated (5°C) and frozen storage for microbial counts, pH, total volatile base nitrogen (TVB-N), thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) and bioactive amines. Spermine was the prevalent amine in fresh pork loin and leg, followed by spermidine and agmatine. During refrigerated storage, pH, TVB-N, mesophilic and psychrotrophic counts increased and no changes (p<0.05) were observed on polyamines; however putrescine, cadaverine and histamine were produced and accumulated throughout storage. Principal Component Analysis (PCA) and Hierarchical Cluster Analysis (HCA) for all parameters indicated a shelf life of 8days for both cuts, which was also coherent with safety regarding histamine levels. During frozen storage, there was no change on amines and pH, TVB-N decreased, and TBARS increased. None biogenic amine was produced. PCA and HCA were not able to classify frozen pork based on the analyzed parameters; however, a shelf life of 90days was suggested for the frozen cuts based on lipid oxidation.

Journal

Meat ScienceElsevier

Published: May 1, 2018

References

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