Soil algal bioassays have been limited by their inability to evaluate several toxic endpoints because it is difficult to collect pure soil algae growing on and beneath the soil surface. This study describes the extension of a previously developed paper-disc method for analyzing soil toxicity to algae. The method can be used in conjunction with flow cytometric analysis and facilitates the assessment of previously proposed toxicity endpoints, such as the growth zone, biomass, and photosynthetic activity. We assessed the applicability of this paper-disc soil method using the green algae Chlamydomonas reinhardtii and Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata exposed to nickel-contaminated soil; examined cell sizes, cell granularity, enzyme activity, and oxidative stress as new toxicity endpoints using flow cytometry; and identified morphological changes in green algae assayed. The results showed that, used in conjunction with flow cytometry, the extended paper-disc soil method is sufficiently sensitive to detect decreases in cell granularity in C. reinhardtii and esterase activity in P. subcapitata. The method also revealed decreases in growth zone, biomass, and electron transfer from the reaction center to the quinone pool. Collectively, the results of this study indicate that soil algal bioassays using nonspecific algae can be used to assess soil quality, to derive several toxicity endpoints for individual cells, and to evaluate previously established flow cytometric toxicity endpoints.
Environmental Pollution – Elsevier
Published: Mar 1, 2018
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera