Aspirin is a novel chemopreventive agent against malignancy. However, outcomes of aspirin monotherapy of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) are inconsistent across studies. ABT-737, an BH3 mimetic inhibitor, is also a promising antitumor drug. Cancer cells including those from RCC, that have high levels of Mcl-1, are refractory to ABT-737-induced apoptosis. We here investigated how aspirin treatment modulates the ABT-737-induced apoptosis. Using the in vitro model of human 786-O cells, we showed that aspirin had sensitized cells to ABT-737 induced apoptosis. Such aspirin-induced changes of ABT-737 resistance was accompanied by a host of biochemical events like protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) activation, AKT dephosphorylation, Mcl-1/FLICE inhibiting protein (FLIP)/XIAP downregulation, and Bax mitochondrial redistribution. The PP2A inhibitor, okadaic acid, was able to reverse the apirin-induced apoptotic changes. Apart from the aspirin treatment, Mcl-1 silencing also rendered cells vulnerable to ABT-737 induced apoptosis. Since PP2A, Akt, and Mcl-1 play critical roles in RCC malignancy and treatment resistance, our present study showed that aspirin, an alternative adjuvant agent, had recalled ABT-737 sensitivity in the RCC cells through processes involving the PP2A/Akt/Mcl-1 axis.
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications – Elsevier
Published: Jul 12, 2018
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