The efficacy of l -dihydroxyphenylalanine ( l -DOPA) in ameliorating the symptoms of Parkinson's disease (PD) is attributed to its conversion to dopamine (DA) by the enzyme aromatic l -amino-acid decarboxylase (AADC) in the striatum. Although the site of this conversion in the DA-denervated striatum has yet to be identified, it has been proposed that l -DOPA could be converted to DA at non-dopaminergic sites containing AADC. In the present study, we used immunocytochemical techniques to examine the localization of AADC and DA in the striatum of rats with a unilateral 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) lesion of the nigrostriatal dopaminergic projection. In the DA-denervated striatum, we observed AADC-immunoreactive (-IR) cells with morphological characteristics similar to a class of small aspiny interneuron. Although usually obscured by a dense plexus of AADC-IR fibers, these cells could also occasionally be detected in the intact striatum. Acute administration of L-DOPA to DA-denervated animals elicited contralateral rotational behavior as well as a pronounced c- fos protein immunoreactivity in the striatum ipsilateral to the lesion. Following acute administration of l -DOPA, but not after acute saline, DA-IR cells were detected in the denervated striatum. These DA-IR cells are similar in morphology and were found in the same location as the AADC-IR cells. These results strongly suggest the existence of a class of AADC-containing striatal cells that can form DA from exogenous l -DOPA in the rat. In the DA deafferented striatum, DA produced by these cells from exogenous l -DOPA could be released to exert physiological effects on DA receptive tissue. It is possible that similar cells could contribute to the efficacy of l -DOPA in the treatment of Parkinson's disease.
Brain Research – Elsevier
Published: Dec 15, 1995
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera