Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 120 (2018) 53–62 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution journal homepage: www.elsevier.com/locate/ympev Aridiﬁcation driven diversiﬁcation of fan-throated lizards from the Indian subcontinent a,b, a V. Deepak , Praveen Karanth Centre for Ecological Sciences, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560012, India Department of Life Sciences, The Natural History Museum, London SW7 5BD, United Kingdom ARTICLE I NFO ABSTRACT Keywords: The establishment of monsoon climate and the consequent aridiﬁcation has been one of the most important Aridiﬁcation climate change episodes in the Indian subcontinent. However, little is known about how these events might have Biogeography shaped the diversiﬁcation patterns among the widely distributed taxa. Fan-throated lizards (FTL) (Genus: Sitana, Diversiﬁcation Sarada) are widespread, diurnal and restricted to the semi-arid zones of the Indian subcontinent. We sampled Evolution FTL in 107 localities across its range. We used molecular species delimitation method and delineated 15 species Fan-throated lizards including six putative species. Thirteen of them were distinguishable based on morphology but two sister species Species delimitation were indistinguishable and have minor overlaps in distribution. Five fossils were used to calibrate and date the phylogeny. Diversiﬁcation of fan-throated lizards lineage started ~18 mya and higher lineage diversiﬁcation
Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution – Elsevier
Published: Mar 1, 2018
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