Yeast strains transformed with high copy number plasmids carrying the gene encoding a green fluorescent protein optimised for yeast (yEGFP3) under the control of the RAD54 or RNR2 promoter were used to investigate the activity of potentially DNA-damaging substances. The assays were performed on 96-well microtitre plates in the presence of different concentrations of the test substances. The synthesis of GFP protein was measured through the fluorescence signal and cell growth was monitored by absorption. Here, we demonstrate that this system can be used as a biosensor to assess the genotoxic potential of drugs and other chemical substances. The use of microtitre plates will enable full automation of the system and allows the inclusion of internal reference standards in each assay.
Mutation Research - Genetic Toxicology and Environmental Mutagenesis – Elsevier
Published: Jan 24, 2000
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