A system dynamics model based on the dynamic interactions among a number of system components is developed to estimate CO 2 emissions from the cement industry in India. The CO 2 emissions are projected to reach 396.89 million tonnes by the year 2020 if the existing cement making technological options are followed. Policy options of population growth stabilisation, energy conservation and structural management in cement manufacturing processes are incorporated for developing the CO 2 mitigation scenarios. A 42% reduction in the CO 2 emissions can be achieved in the year 2020 based on an integrated mitigation scenario. Indirect CO 2 emissions from the transport of raw materials to the cement plants and finished product to market are also estimated.
Journal of Environmental Management – Elsevier
Published: Jun 1, 2006
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