Parmigiano Reggiano is a typical Italian product known all over the world. Appreciated for its qualities, it is also one of the most counterfeit foods. To avoid this, two different techniques has been used: GC-MS with SPME and S3 gas sensor. With the first one, characteristic VOCs of different cheeses has been found. The most present classes are alcohols, aldehydes, hydrocarbons, esters and ketones, for a total of 58 compounds. Statistical analysis has shown that only 6 of them could be used to distinguish between Parmigiano Reggiano and its competitors. Instead, S3 is a new, rapid, economic and user-friendly approach. Assessing the variation of sensors resistances, it has been possible to discriminate between different kind of cheeses with an accuracy higher than 80%. Data analysis was performed considering PLS to have a visual representation of samples, the SFS algorithm for features selection and PLS-DA as classifier.
Journal of Food Engineering – Elsevier
Published: Nov 1, 2018
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