In this study, we evaluated the anti-amyloid effect of functionalized nanoliposomes (mApoE-PA-LIP) in a mouse model of Alzheimer's disease with use of positron emission tomography and β-amyloid (Aβ)–targeted tracer [11C]Pittsburgh compound B ([11C]PIB). APP23 mice were injected with mApoE-PA-LIP or saline (3 times per week for 3 weeks) and [11C]PIB imaging was performed at baseline, after the treatment and after 3 months follow-up period, accompanied by Aβ immunohistochemistry and ELISA. After the treatment, [11C]PIB binding ratios between mApoE-PA-LIP and saline groups were equivalent in all analyzed brain regions; however, in the saline group, binding ratios increased from the baseline, whereas no increase was detected in the mApoE-PA-LIP group. During the additional follow-up, [11C]PIB binding increased significantly from baseline in both groups, and binding ratios correlated with the immunohistochemically defined Aβ load. This study further supports the use of [11C]PIB positron emission tomography imaging as a biomarker of Aβ deposition in APP23 mice and highlights the benefits of noninvasive follow-up, that is, using baseline data for animal stratification and normalization of treatment effects to baseline values, for future anti-amyloid treatment studies.
Neurobiology of Aging – Elsevier
Published: Sep 1, 2017
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