The contamination of agricultural crops by polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) has drawn considerable attention due to their carcinogenicity, mutagenicity, and toxicity. However, the uptake process of PAHs in plant roots has not been clearly understood. In this work, we first study the radial uptake of phenanthrene in hydroculture wheat roots by vacuum-infiltration-centrifugation method. The concentration-dependent kinetics of apoplastic and symplastic uptake at phenanthrene concentrations of 0–6.72 μM for 4 h can be described with the Langmuir and Michaelis-Menten equations, respectively; whereas, their time-dependent kinetics at 5.60 μM phenanthrene for 36 h follow the Elovich equation. The apoplastic and symplastic uptake increases with temperature of 15–35 °C. The apparent Arrhenius activation energies for apoplastic and symplastic uptake are 77.5 and 9.39 KJ mol−1, respectively. The symplastic uptake accounts for over 55% of total phenanthrene uptake, suggesting that symplast is the dominant pathway for wheat root phenanthrene uptake. Larger volume of symplast in roots and lower activation energy lead to the greater contribution of symplast to total uptake of phenanthrene. Our results provide not only novel insights into the mechanisms on the uptake of PAHs by plant roots, but also the help to optimize strategies for crop safety and phytoremediation of PAH-contaminated soil/water.
Transportation Research Part C: Emerging Technologies – Elsevier
Published: Jan 1, 2018
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera