The present study assesses the influence of different restraint schedules on behavioral parameters determined by a conflict test, namely the light-dark transitions (LDT) as well as the opiate modulation on the behavioral consequences induced by chronic restraint. Finally, another group of animals that received naloxone (NAL) and/or chronic stress was either exposed to a single foot shock session or administered a single dose of the β-carboline FG 7142 ( N ′-methyl-β-carboline-3-carboxamide) immediately prior to the LDT test. We observed that a single restraint session (2 h) induced a decrease of LOT and time spent in the lit box, while chronic restraint (2 h per day for up to 7 days) induced a significant increase in both parameters. However, this increasing effect was blocked by a NAL administration (2 mg/kg IP) prior to each of the seven restraint events. A single foot shock or FG administration produced a clear anxiogenic response, an effect that was absent in animals previously submitted to chronic stress. In addition, NAL pretreatment abolished the chronic stress-induced attenuating effect on the behavioral suppression induced after either foot shock or FG administration. Therefore, these findings demonstrate that a previous history of chronic stress, leading to adaptation, induced an anxiolytic-like effect, and attenuated the behavioral supresslon produced by acute stressors. There seems to be an endogenous opiate mechanism involved in the behavioral influence induced by chronic stress.
Brain Research Bulletin – Elsevier
Published: Jan 1, 1995
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera