Anxiogenic effects of nicotine in the dorsal hippocampus are mediated by 5-HT 1A and not by muscarinic M 1 receptors

Anxiogenic effects of nicotine in the dorsal hippocampus are mediated by 5-HT 1A and not by... After direct administration into the dorsal hippocampus nicotine decreased the time spent in social interaction, without changing locomotor activity, indicating an anxiogenic effect. The possibility that post-synaptic M 1 muscarinic receptors mediated this effect was examined by determining whether dorsal hippocampal administration of a specific M 1 receptor agonist (McN-A-343) had anxiogenic effects, and whether the anxiogenic effect of nicotine could be reversed by co-administration of the M 1 receptor antagonist, pirenzepine. McN-A-343 (0.3, 1.6, 3.2, 15.8 nmol) was without effect on social interaction, and pirenzepine (0.7 and 2.4 nmol) injection into the dorsal hippocampus failed to reverse the decrease in social interaction caused by nicotine (6.3 nmol) injection into this area. However, the decrease in social interaction after nicotine (50 nmol) was completely reversed by the specific 5-HT 1A receptor antagonist, WAY 100635 (0.4 nmol) after co-administration of both drugs into the dorsal hippocampus. Thus, the anxiogenic effect of nicotine in this brain region seems to be mediated by 5-HT 1A , but not M 1 , receptors. In contrast to the effect of nicotine in naive animals, those retested after a second injection of 50 nmol did not show a significant anxiogenic effect. The theoretical implications of this are discussed and from a practical point of view this suggests caution in the retesting of animals after central injections. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Neuropharmacology Elsevier

Anxiogenic effects of nicotine in the dorsal hippocampus are mediated by 5-HT 1A and not by muscarinic M 1 receptors

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Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 2000 Elsevier Science Ltd
ISSN
0028-3908
eISSN
1873-7064
DOI
10.1016/S0028-3908(99)00114-8
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

After direct administration into the dorsal hippocampus nicotine decreased the time spent in social interaction, without changing locomotor activity, indicating an anxiogenic effect. The possibility that post-synaptic M 1 muscarinic receptors mediated this effect was examined by determining whether dorsal hippocampal administration of a specific M 1 receptor agonist (McN-A-343) had anxiogenic effects, and whether the anxiogenic effect of nicotine could be reversed by co-administration of the M 1 receptor antagonist, pirenzepine. McN-A-343 (0.3, 1.6, 3.2, 15.8 nmol) was without effect on social interaction, and pirenzepine (0.7 and 2.4 nmol) injection into the dorsal hippocampus failed to reverse the decrease in social interaction caused by nicotine (6.3 nmol) injection into this area. However, the decrease in social interaction after nicotine (50 nmol) was completely reversed by the specific 5-HT 1A receptor antagonist, WAY 100635 (0.4 nmol) after co-administration of both drugs into the dorsal hippocampus. Thus, the anxiogenic effect of nicotine in this brain region seems to be mediated by 5-HT 1A , but not M 1 , receptors. In contrast to the effect of nicotine in naive animals, those retested after a second injection of 50 nmol did not show a significant anxiogenic effect. The theoretical implications of this are discussed and from a practical point of view this suggests caution in the retesting of animals after central injections.

Journal

NeuropharmacologyElsevier

Published: Feb 1, 2000

References

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