Food-deprived Wistar rats were exposed to a fixed-time (FT) 60-s food delivery schedule until they developed schedule-induced drinking. Rats were matched in pairs according to their licking rates and were designated master or yoked at random. Every fifth lick by master rats was followed by an electric shock during two signalled 5-min periods, which ran concurrently with the food delivery schedule. For the master rats, shock intensities were adjusted to reduce licking to 5–30% (low suppression) or 50–75% (high suppression) of the unpunished licking rates. Yoked rats received the same shocks as master rats, but independently of their own licking. The drinking by yoked animals was not decreased by the presentation of these lick-independent shocks. Diazepam (0.3–10.0 mg/kg) was studied for its effects on punished and nonpunished schedule-induced drinking. Intermediate doses of the drug increased the punished behavior of master rats, but only when schedule-induced drinking was highly suppressed. Diazepam dose dependently decreased licking rates in all other conditions. The antipunishment effects of benzodiazepines may depend on the level of suppression of schedule-induced drinking, and this is in keeping with the results of other experimental preparations where behavior was under aversive control.
Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior – Elsevier
Published: Oct 1, 2000
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera