Raising the rat's intraocular pressure above the systolic blood pressure for 60 min followed by a reperfusion of 7–10 days caused an ischaemic insult to the retina. The b-wave of the electroretinogram was abolished and the retinal thickness was much reduced, the greatest influence being associated with the inner retinal layers. No obvious histological damage was apparent at the light microscopy level. Immunocytochemistry, however, revealed a clear change in the nature of certain antigens associated with specific cell-types. Thy-1 antigen located to ganglion cell membranes was much reduced, suggesting that the ganglion cells are affected by ischaemia. Calretinin-immunoreactivity associated with amacrine cells is drastically reduced by ischaemia. In contrast, Ret-P1, located to the outer segments of the photoreceptors is unaffected by ischaemia. Ischaemia also caused GFAP-immunoreactivity to be expressed in the Müller cells, which is normally only associated with astrocytes in the ganglion/nerve fibre layer. Injection of a mixture of CNQX and MK-801, kainate and NMDA receptor antagonists, respectively, into the eye just before ischaemia failed to reverse the changes induced by the insult. However, analysis 3 days after reperfusion revealed that when the ischaemic insult was reduced to 45, rather than 60 min, the changes in the calretinin-immunoreactivity were reversed. The results show that immunocytochemistry provides a powerful way of following biochemical changes associated with specific cell types caused by ischaemia. Copyright © 1996 Elsevier Science Ltd.
Neurochemistry International – Elsevier
Published: Sep 1, 1996
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera