Anti-tumor effects of NVP-BKM120 alone or in combination with MEK162 in biliary tract cancer

Anti-tumor effects of NVP-BKM120 alone or in combination with MEK162 in biliary tract cancer There are currently no clinically validated therapeutic targets for biliary tract cancer (BTC). Despite promising results in other cancers, compounds targeting the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/AKT pathway, alone or in combination with Ras/Raf/MEK pathway inhibitors, have not been evaluated in BTC. Here, we examined the effects of a pan-PI3K inhibitor (BKM120) with or without a MEK inhibitor (MEK162), on eight human BTC cell lines carrying mutations in K-Ras and/or the PI3K catalytic subunit, PI3KCA. BKM120 inhibited the colony-forming ability and migration of BTC cells carrying wild-type (WT) PI3KCA and either mutant (MT) or WT K-Ras, but not of cells carrying mutations in both genes. In K-Ras-WT cells, BKM120 decreased the phosphorylation of Akt, its downstream effector kinase p70S6K, and the translational repressor 4E-BP1. Interestingly, BKM120 did not induce cell cycle arrest or suppress PI3K signaling via restoration of p-4E-BP1 in cells with PIK3CA and K-Ras double mutations. Notably, the resistance of dual K-Ras/PI3KCA-mutant cells to BKM120 was overcome by treatment with a combination of BKM120 and MEK162. Our findings thus support the clinical development of BKM120 monotherapy or BKM120/MEK162 combination therapy for the treatment of BTC. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Cancer Letters Elsevier

Anti-tumor effects of NVP-BKM120 alone or in combination with MEK162 in biliary tract cancer

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Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V.
ISSN
0304-3835
D.O.I.
10.1016/j.canlet.2017.10.002
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

There are currently no clinically validated therapeutic targets for biliary tract cancer (BTC). Despite promising results in other cancers, compounds targeting the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/AKT pathway, alone or in combination with Ras/Raf/MEK pathway inhibitors, have not been evaluated in BTC. Here, we examined the effects of a pan-PI3K inhibitor (BKM120) with or without a MEK inhibitor (MEK162), on eight human BTC cell lines carrying mutations in K-Ras and/or the PI3K catalytic subunit, PI3KCA. BKM120 inhibited the colony-forming ability and migration of BTC cells carrying wild-type (WT) PI3KCA and either mutant (MT) or WT K-Ras, but not of cells carrying mutations in both genes. In K-Ras-WT cells, BKM120 decreased the phosphorylation of Akt, its downstream effector kinase p70S6K, and the translational repressor 4E-BP1. Interestingly, BKM120 did not induce cell cycle arrest or suppress PI3K signaling via restoration of p-4E-BP1 in cells with PIK3CA and K-Ras double mutations. Notably, the resistance of dual K-Ras/PI3KCA-mutant cells to BKM120 was overcome by treatment with a combination of BKM120 and MEK162. Our findings thus support the clinical development of BKM120 monotherapy or BKM120/MEK162 combination therapy for the treatment of BTC.

Journal

Cancer LettersElsevier

Published: Dec 28, 2017

References

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