Analytical and experimental studies of dragging hall anchors through rock berm

Analytical and experimental studies of dragging hall anchors through rock berm An analytical method is proposed in this paper to calculate the maximum embedded depth of a dragged Hall anchor when passing through rock berm and to thus define a minimum buried depth of pipelines in rock berm to prevent pipelines from being damaged by dragging anchors. The movement of a Hall anchor in rock berm is interpreted based on the equilibrium conditions for resisting and driving moments acting on the anchor. To verify the accuracy of the proposed analytical method, model tests were carried out by using three scaled Hall anchor models and dragging them through rock berm. The comparisons between the two studies show that the average value of their differences for the stable embedded depth of a Hall anchor in sand and in rock berm are only 1.7% and 2.7%, respectively. The good agreements indicate that the proposed method is accurate enough to calculate the minimum buried depth of pipeline in rock berm during pipeline design. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Ocean Engineering Elsevier

Analytical and experimental studies of dragging hall anchors through rock berm

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Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd
ISSN
0029-8018
eISSN
1873-5258
D.O.I.
10.1016/j.oceaneng.2015.08.031
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

An analytical method is proposed in this paper to calculate the maximum embedded depth of a dragged Hall anchor when passing through rock berm and to thus define a minimum buried depth of pipelines in rock berm to prevent pipelines from being damaged by dragging anchors. The movement of a Hall anchor in rock berm is interpreted based on the equilibrium conditions for resisting and driving moments acting on the anchor. To verify the accuracy of the proposed analytical method, model tests were carried out by using three scaled Hall anchor models and dragging them through rock berm. The comparisons between the two studies show that the average value of their differences for the stable embedded depth of a Hall anchor in sand and in rock berm are only 1.7% and 2.7%, respectively. The good agreements indicate that the proposed method is accurate enough to calculate the minimum buried depth of pipeline in rock berm during pipeline design.

Journal

Ocean EngineeringElsevier

Published: Nov 1, 2015

References

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