In hot forming processes, the interface tool/product is important for the quality of the finished product. In hot rolling, the scale formed on the roll material plays an essential role. As soon as the contact oxide–oxide is established between the roll and the slab, friction allows the process to start. However, the oxide scale will continue to grow under the cyclic action of hot contacts and water cooling and will be subjected to thermo-mechanical stresses. Beyond a certain critical thickness, the oxidized surface layer of the cylinders has not sufficient mechanical strength to withstand the shear stresses. The wear and friction behavior of the oxides appearing on the surface of the hot working rolls is not well known. The influence of these oxides on the friction and, consequently, the quality of the products of finishing mills, seems very significant. So, in this study, we investigate the evolution of the friction coefficient and the wear, according to the growth, the nature and the thickness of the formed scale. We use a high temperature pin on disc tribometer. The pin consists of material “rolls” while the disc consists of the slab. The pin is instrumented with thermocouples in order to couple the friction coefficient measurements with the thermal gradient in the pin and the surface temperature and the formed oxides. Then, the characterization of the surfaces is done by scanning electronic microscopy (SEM) and EDS analyses. We use the method of sin 2 Ψ to evaluate residual stresses of oxide and correlate these data with shear stress behavior.
Wear – Elsevier
Published: Oct 1, 2001
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