An overview of medical ECMO for neonates

An overview of medical ECMO for neonates Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), a life-saving therapy for respiratory and cardiac failure, was first used in neonates in the 1970s. The indications and criteria for ECMO have changed over the years, but it continues to be an important option for those who have failed other medical therapies. Since the Extracorporeal Life Support Organization (ELSO) Registry was established in 1989, more than 29,900 neonates have been placed on ECMO for respiratory failure, with 84% surviving their ECMO course, and 73% surviving to discharge or transfer. In this chapter, we will review the basics of ECMO, patient characteristics and criteria, patient management, ECMO complications, special uses of neonatal ECMO, and patient outcomes. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Seminars In Perinatology Elsevier

An overview of medical ECMO for neonates

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Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Inc.
ISSN
0146-0005
eISSN
1558-075X
D.O.I.
10.1053/j.semperi.2017.12.002
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), a life-saving therapy for respiratory and cardiac failure, was first used in neonates in the 1970s. The indications and criteria for ECMO have changed over the years, but it continues to be an important option for those who have failed other medical therapies. Since the Extracorporeal Life Support Organization (ELSO) Registry was established in 1989, more than 29,900 neonates have been placed on ECMO for respiratory failure, with 84% surviving their ECMO course, and 73% surviving to discharge or transfer. In this chapter, we will review the basics of ECMO, patient characteristics and criteria, patient management, ECMO complications, special uses of neonatal ECMO, and patient outcomes.

Journal

Seminars In PerinatologyElsevier

Published: Mar 1, 2018

References

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