Nomenclature</h5> Abbreviations</h5> ASHRAE American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air-conditioning Engineers</P>COP coefficient of performance</P>CV(RMSE) coefficient of variation of the root mean square error</P>GHGs greenhouse gases</P>GUI graphical user interface</P>KEMCO Korea Energy Management Corporation</P>KPX Korea Power Exchange</P>MFHUs multi-family housing units</P>MLTM Ministry of Land, Transport, and Maritime Affairs</P>OTTV overall thermal transfer value</P>POSCO E&C POSCO engineering & construction</P>U -value overall heat transfer coefficient</P>VBA visual basic for applications</P>Greek letters</h5> ξ–η matrix matrix which consists of the x ( ξ )-axis and y ( η )-axis in the finite element method</P>ξ ξ stands for the orientation in this research, which is one of the independent variables as x ( ξ )-axis in the finite element method</P>η η stands for the window-to-wall ratio in this research, which is one of the independent variables as y ( η )-axis in the finite element method</P>ϕ ( ξ , η ) ϕ ( ξ , η ) stands for the heating and cooling demand in this research, which is the dependent variable as z ( ϕ )-axis in the finite element method</P>α 1 – α 4 coefficient of the independent variables (e.g., ξ or η )</P>1 Introduction</h5> The increase in greenhouse gases (GHGs) due to excessive energy consumption
Applied Energy – Elsevier
Published: Feb 15, 2014
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