An anticoagulant fucan sulfate with hexasaccharide repeating units from the sea cucumber Holothuria albiventer

An anticoagulant fucan sulfate with hexasaccharide repeating units from the sea cucumber... A fucan sulfate was isolated and purified from the sea cucumber Holothuria albiventer by papain enzymolysis, alkaline hydrolysis and ion-exchange chromatography. The water-soluble polysaccharide had high molecular weight and contained fucose and sulfate in a molar ratio of about 1:0.83. Methylation analysis of the native polysaccharide indicated that its glycosidic linkages and sulfate substituents might be at O-3 or O-3, 4 or O-2, 3, or O-2, 3, 4 positions. FT-IR and 2D NMR spectroscopies further revealed that the fucan sulfate is characteristically composed of a regular α (1 → 3) linked hexasaccharide repeating unit which is substituted with sulfate esters in a distinctive pattern. Anticoagulant properties of the fucan sulfate and its depolymerized product were assessed in vitro in comparison with a low-molecular-weight heparin. The fucan sulfate exhibits strong APTT and TT prolonging activities and intrinsic factor Xase inhibitory activity, and its molecular size seemed to be required for these activities. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Carbohydrate Research Elsevier

An anticoagulant fucan sulfate with hexasaccharide repeating units from the sea cucumber Holothuria albiventer

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Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Ltd
ISSN
0008-6215
eISSN
1873-426X
D.O.I.
10.1016/j.carres.2018.05.007
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

A fucan sulfate was isolated and purified from the sea cucumber Holothuria albiventer by papain enzymolysis, alkaline hydrolysis and ion-exchange chromatography. The water-soluble polysaccharide had high molecular weight and contained fucose and sulfate in a molar ratio of about 1:0.83. Methylation analysis of the native polysaccharide indicated that its glycosidic linkages and sulfate substituents might be at O-3 or O-3, 4 or O-2, 3, or O-2, 3, 4 positions. FT-IR and 2D NMR spectroscopies further revealed that the fucan sulfate is characteristically composed of a regular α (1 → 3) linked hexasaccharide repeating unit which is substituted with sulfate esters in a distinctive pattern. Anticoagulant properties of the fucan sulfate and its depolymerized product were assessed in vitro in comparison with a low-molecular-weight heparin. The fucan sulfate exhibits strong APTT and TT prolonging activities and intrinsic factor Xase inhibitory activity, and its molecular size seemed to be required for these activities.

Journal

Carbohydrate ResearchElsevier

Published: Jul 15, 2018

References

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