Aluminum exposure for 60days at an equivalent human dietary level promotes peripheral dysfunction in rats

Aluminum exposure for 60days at an equivalent human dietary level promotes peripheral dysfunction... Aluminum (Al) is a neurotoxic associated with a number of chronic human diseases. We investigated the effects of Al exposure at doses similar to human dietary levels and at a high level exposure to Al on the peripheral nervous system. Wistar male rats were divided into two major groups and received orally: 1) First group – Low level - rats were subdivided and treated for 60days: a) Control – received ultrapure water; b) AlCl3 – received Al at 8.3mg/kg body weight (bw) for 60days; and 2) Second group – High level - rats were subdivided and treated for 42days: C) Control – received ultrapure water through oral gavage; d) AlCl3 – received Al at 100mg/kg bw for 42days. Von Frey hair test, plantar test, the presence of catalepsy and the spontaneous motor activity were investigated. Reactive oxygen species, lipid peroxidation and total antioxidant capacity, immunohistochemistry to investigate the nerve inflammation and, the specific presence of Al in the sciatic nerve fibers were investigated. Al exposure at a representative human dietary level promotes the development of mechanical allodynia, catalepsy, increased inflammation in the sciatic nerve, systemic oxidative stress and, is able to be retained in the sciatic nerve. The effects of low-dose Al were similar to those found in rats exposed to Al at a dose much higher (100mg/kg). Our findings suggest that Al may be considered toxic for the peripheral nervous system, thus inducing peripheral dysfunction. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry Elsevier

Aluminum exposure for 60days at an equivalent human dietary level promotes peripheral dysfunction in rats

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Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc.
ISSN
0162-0134
eISSN
1873-3344
D.O.I.
10.1016/j.jinorgbio.2017.08.011
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Aluminum (Al) is a neurotoxic associated with a number of chronic human diseases. We investigated the effects of Al exposure at doses similar to human dietary levels and at a high level exposure to Al on the peripheral nervous system. Wistar male rats were divided into two major groups and received orally: 1) First group – Low level - rats were subdivided and treated for 60days: a) Control – received ultrapure water; b) AlCl3 – received Al at 8.3mg/kg body weight (bw) for 60days; and 2) Second group – High level - rats were subdivided and treated for 42days: C) Control – received ultrapure water through oral gavage; d) AlCl3 – received Al at 100mg/kg bw for 42days. Von Frey hair test, plantar test, the presence of catalepsy and the spontaneous motor activity were investigated. Reactive oxygen species, lipid peroxidation and total antioxidant capacity, immunohistochemistry to investigate the nerve inflammation and, the specific presence of Al in the sciatic nerve fibers were investigated. Al exposure at a representative human dietary level promotes the development of mechanical allodynia, catalepsy, increased inflammation in the sciatic nerve, systemic oxidative stress and, is able to be retained in the sciatic nerve. The effects of low-dose Al were similar to those found in rats exposed to Al at a dose much higher (100mg/kg). Our findings suggest that Al may be considered toxic for the peripheral nervous system, thus inducing peripheral dysfunction.

Journal

Journal of Inorganic BiochemistryElsevier

Published: Apr 1, 2018

References

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