Agricultural transformations in India and Northern Nigeria: Exploring the nature of Green Revolutions

Agricultural transformations in India and Northern Nigeria: Exploring the nature of Green... This paper examines village level experiences of “Green Revolution,” in four areas, one each in northern and southern India and two in northern Nigeria. It argues that these have consisted not merely of the introduction of new high-yielding varieties but of a broad set of mutually reinforcing changes which have transformed agricultural practice in the areas in which they took place. The changes have typically involved a suite of new technological components (including several new crops, fertilizers, and new power sources, among others), altered land use patterns, and changes in the labor economy. These have facilitated both intensification and extensification of agriculture (except in south India, where intensification predominated), resulting in substantial increases in regional output and income. Market production rather than population pressure has driven the changes in all of these cases, and it is questionable that population growth alone could lead to transformations of this kind. The cases also demonstrate that adoption of plows and fertilizers can occur at relatively low population densities in Africa, provided other conditions are favorable. In Africa, India, and elsewhere such changes have been geographically uneven, occurring dramatically in some areas but affecting others only marginally. Such geographic disparities call for attempts to mitigate the regional inequities and stresses to which they give rise. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png World Development Elsevier

Agricultural transformations in India and Northern Nigeria: Exploring the nature of Green Revolutions

World Development, Volume 23 (2) – Feb 1, 1995

Loading next page...
 
/lp/elsevier/agricultural-transformations-in-india-and-northern-nigeria-exploring-gncMyvZ4cS
Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 1995 Elsevier Ltd
ISSN
0305-750X
eISSN
1873-5991
D.O.I.
10.1016/0305-750X(94)00115-F
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

This paper examines village level experiences of “Green Revolution,” in four areas, one each in northern and southern India and two in northern Nigeria. It argues that these have consisted not merely of the introduction of new high-yielding varieties but of a broad set of mutually reinforcing changes which have transformed agricultural practice in the areas in which they took place. The changes have typically involved a suite of new technological components (including several new crops, fertilizers, and new power sources, among others), altered land use patterns, and changes in the labor economy. These have facilitated both intensification and extensification of agriculture (except in south India, where intensification predominated), resulting in substantial increases in regional output and income. Market production rather than population pressure has driven the changes in all of these cases, and it is questionable that population growth alone could lead to transformations of this kind. The cases also demonstrate that adoption of plows and fertilizers can occur at relatively low population densities in Africa, provided other conditions are favorable. In Africa, India, and elsewhere such changes have been geographically uneven, occurring dramatically in some areas but affecting others only marginally. Such geographic disparities call for attempts to mitigate the regional inequities and stresses to which they give rise.

Journal

World DevelopmentElsevier

Published: Feb 1, 1995

References

  • The place of agricultural research in the development of sub-Saharan Africa
    Lipton, Michael

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create folders to
organize your research

Export folders, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off