Age-Dependent Penetrance of Disease in a Transgenic Mouse Model of Familial Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

Age-Dependent Penetrance of Disease in a Transgenic Mouse Model of Familial Amyotrophic Lateral... The mutation gly 93 → ala of Cu,Zn superoxide dismutase (SOD) is found in patients with familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and causes motor neuron disease when expressed in transgenic mice. The progression of clinical and pathological disease was studied in a line of mice designated G1H. Clinical disease started at 91 ± 14 days of age with fine shaking of the limbs, followed by paralysis and death by 136 ± 7 days of age. Pathological changes begin by 37 days of age with vacuoles derived from swollen mitochondria accumulating in motor neurons. At the onset of clinical disease (90 days), significant death of somatic motor neurons innervating limb muscles has occurred; mice at end-stage disease (136 days) show up to 50% loss of cervical and lumbar motor neurons. However, neither thoracic nor cranial motor neurons show appreciable loss despite vacuolar changes. Autonomic motor neurons also are not affected. Mice that express wild-type human Cu,Zn SOD remain free of disease, indicating that mutations cause neuron loss by a gain-of-function. Thus, the age-dependent penetrance of motor neuron disease in this transgenic model is due to the gradual accumulation of pathological damage in select populations of cholinergic neurons. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Molecular and Cellular Neuroscience Elsevier

Age-Dependent Penetrance of Disease in a Transgenic Mouse Model of Familial Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

Loading next page...
 
/lp/elsevier/age-dependent-penetrance-of-disease-in-a-transgenic-mouse-model-of-qo2ZpKgVCL
Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 1995 Academic Press
ISSN
1044-7431
DOI
10.1006/mcne.1995.1027
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The mutation gly 93 → ala of Cu,Zn superoxide dismutase (SOD) is found in patients with familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and causes motor neuron disease when expressed in transgenic mice. The progression of clinical and pathological disease was studied in a line of mice designated G1H. Clinical disease started at 91 ± 14 days of age with fine shaking of the limbs, followed by paralysis and death by 136 ± 7 days of age. Pathological changes begin by 37 days of age with vacuoles derived from swollen mitochondria accumulating in motor neurons. At the onset of clinical disease (90 days), significant death of somatic motor neurons innervating limb muscles has occurred; mice at end-stage disease (136 days) show up to 50% loss of cervical and lumbar motor neurons. However, neither thoracic nor cranial motor neurons show appreciable loss despite vacuolar changes. Autonomic motor neurons also are not affected. Mice that express wild-type human Cu,Zn SOD remain free of disease, indicating that mutations cause neuron loss by a gain-of-function. Thus, the age-dependent penetrance of motor neuron disease in this transgenic model is due to the gradual accumulation of pathological damage in select populations of cholinergic neurons.

Journal

Molecular and Cellular NeuroscienceElsevier

Published: Aug 1, 1995

There are no references for this article.

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create folders to
organize your research

Export folders, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off