The last several decades have witnessed the rapid development of alkaline anion exchange membrane fuel cells (AAEMFCs) that possess a series of advantages as compared to acid proton exchange membrane fuel cells, such as the enhanced electrochemical kinetics of oxygen reduction reaction and the use of inexpensive non-platinum electrocatalysts, both of which are rendered by the alkaline medium. As an emerging power generation technology, the significant progress has been made in developing the alkaline anion exchange membrane fuel cells in recent years. This review article starts with a general description of the setup of AAEMFCs running on hydrogen and physical and chemical processes occurring in multi-layered porous structure. Then, the electrocatalytic materials and mechanisms for both hydrogen oxidation and oxygen reduction are introduced, including metal-based, metal oxide-based, and non-metal based electrocatalysts. In addition, the chemistries of alkaline anion exchange membranes (AAEMs), e.g. polymer backbone and function groups, are reviewed. The effects of pre-treatment, carbonate, and radiation on the performance of AAEMs are concluded as well. The effects of anode and cathode ionomers, structural designs, and water flooding on the performance of the single-cell are explained, and the durability and power output of a single-cell are summarized. Afterwards, two innovative system designs that are hybrid fuel cells and regenerative fuel cells are presented and mathematical modeling on mass transport phenomenon in AAEMFCs are highlighted. Finally, the challenges and perspectives for the future development of the AAEMFCs are discussed.
Progress in Energy and Combustion Science – Elsevier
Published: May 1, 2018
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.
Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.
It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera
Read and print from thousands of top scholarly journals.
Bookmark this article. You can see your Bookmarks on your DeepDyve Library.