Advanced processing and characterization of Nafion electrolyte films for solid-state electrochromic devices fabricated at room temperature on single substrate

Advanced processing and characterization of Nafion electrolyte films for solid-state... The design and development of effective solid-state electrolytes represent an emerging challenge towards the fabrication of electrochromic (EC) and multifunctional devices, such as photoelectrochromics, with benefits in terms of reduced cost, environmental impact as well as safety. Here, we present the processing and the characterization of a suitable Nafion film with the certain thickness of 8μm used as electrolyte layer in a novel solid-state EC device fabricated at room temperature (RT) on a single substrate (both glass and plastics) with an architecture based on a substrate/ITO/WO3/Nafion-film/ITO configuration. In particular, we focused on the morphological characteristics, proton conductivity and water molecular dynamics of Nafion film in order to provide insight into the EC behavior of these novel devices. EIS analysis performed over a wide range of RH and temperature, showed good proton conductivity values (e.g. 4.42×10−3Scm−1 at 30°C and 50% RH), suitable for practical EC operation. At the same time, high values of water self-diffusion coefficients (D) and the spin-lattice relaxation times (T1) were measured by NMR spectroscopy, proving a similar behavior as well as the same proton conduction mechanism with that observed for thicker Nafion membrane (50μm thick) prepared by solution casting. These findings were confirmed by the water uptake measurements since both the film and the membrane showed a water uptake value of about 24wt%. Furthermore, a homogenous, uniform and very smooth surface (Ra of 0.94nm) with small grain size (ca. 50nm) was observed by SEM and AFM analysis. Noteworthy, the Nafion film ensured high optical properties, interfacial robustness and electrochemical stability to EC device: cyclability (300 CV cycles), long-term durability of at least 1000 chronoamperometric cycles. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Solid State Ionics Elsevier

Advanced processing and characterization of Nafion electrolyte films for solid-state electrochromic devices fabricated at room temperature on single substrate

Loading next page...
 
/lp/elsevier/advanced-processing-and-characterization-of-nafion-electrolyte-films-udcEZKqUKb
Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Elsevier B.V.
ISSN
0167-2738
eISSN
1872-7689
D.O.I.
10.1016/j.ssi.2017.12.029
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The design and development of effective solid-state electrolytes represent an emerging challenge towards the fabrication of electrochromic (EC) and multifunctional devices, such as photoelectrochromics, with benefits in terms of reduced cost, environmental impact as well as safety. Here, we present the processing and the characterization of a suitable Nafion film with the certain thickness of 8μm used as electrolyte layer in a novel solid-state EC device fabricated at room temperature (RT) on a single substrate (both glass and plastics) with an architecture based on a substrate/ITO/WO3/Nafion-film/ITO configuration. In particular, we focused on the morphological characteristics, proton conductivity and water molecular dynamics of Nafion film in order to provide insight into the EC behavior of these novel devices. EIS analysis performed over a wide range of RH and temperature, showed good proton conductivity values (e.g. 4.42×10−3Scm−1 at 30°C and 50% RH), suitable for practical EC operation. At the same time, high values of water self-diffusion coefficients (D) and the spin-lattice relaxation times (T1) were measured by NMR spectroscopy, proving a similar behavior as well as the same proton conduction mechanism with that observed for thicker Nafion membrane (50μm thick) prepared by solution casting. These findings were confirmed by the water uptake measurements since both the film and the membrane showed a water uptake value of about 24wt%. Furthermore, a homogenous, uniform and very smooth surface (Ra of 0.94nm) with small grain size (ca. 50nm) was observed by SEM and AFM analysis. Noteworthy, the Nafion film ensured high optical properties, interfacial robustness and electrochemical stability to EC device: cyclability (300 CV cycles), long-term durability of at least 1000 chronoamperometric cycles.

Journal

Solid State IonicsElsevier

Published: Apr 1, 2018

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off