Citrus greening disease, also known as Huanglongbing (HLB), compromises the quality of citrus fruit and juice, causing increased bitterness, metallic taste, astringency and a burning mouthfeel. The chemical basis responsible for these changes remains largely unknown other than the roles of the bitter limonoids, limonin and nomilin, and of flavonoids that may cause astringency. A combination of chemical and sensory analyses was used to identify bitter components in HBL-affected orange juice (HLBOJ), and compared with juice from healthy fruit. DNA analysis of the juice revealed that HLBOJ was well infected with the bacteria, with Ct value of 27 compared with 33 for the healthy juice. There were differences (at least P < 0.05) in pH, titratable acidity (TA), soluble solids content (SSC), SSC/TA, total sugars, citric acid, secondary metabolites and sensory characteristics between healthy and HBLOJ, with, limonin and nomilin being 7.8 and 21.6 fold higher in HLBOJ than in healthy juice, respectively. Nonvolatile juice compounds were fractionated using fast centrifugal partition chromatography and semi preparative HPLC. Some fractions (7 out of 10) were described as bitter, but did not contain limonoids, polymethoxylated flavones or hesperidin, and, instead, were composed of hydroxycinnamates, suggesting these compounds might be involved with this sensory attribute.
LWT - Food Science and Technology – Elsevier
Published: May 1, 2018
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera