Acoustic performance of balconies having inhomogeneous ceiling surfaces on a roadside building facade

Acoustic performance of balconies having inhomogeneous ceiling surfaces on a roadside building... Balconies provide noise screening effects in residential buildings even with the balcony door opened for natural ventilation. However, the screening effect of a balcony was found to be canceled due to the reflection from the ceiling. This paper describes a balcony whose ceiling is made from materials of inhomogeneous impedance which eliminates this drawback. The nonuniform impedance affects wave behavior by altering the direction of energy flux away from the region of a balcony as it reflects on the ceiling. A proposed realization of the balcony ceiling comprises a closely spaced array of progressively tuned hollow narrow tubes which create a phase gradient. The acoustic performance of a balcony with an inhomogeneous ceiling surface is examined theoretically by a ray-based model. All of the results predicted by the theory fit well with numerical simulations using a two-dimensional finite element method. Balconies with the proposed ceilings have the potential to be widely used in a roadside multi-residential building against the exterior traffic noise. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Building and Environment Elsevier

Acoustic performance of balconies having inhomogeneous ceiling surfaces on a roadside building facade

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Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd
ISSN
0360-1323
D.O.I.
10.1016/j.buildenv.2015.06.027
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Balconies provide noise screening effects in residential buildings even with the balcony door opened for natural ventilation. However, the screening effect of a balcony was found to be canceled due to the reflection from the ceiling. This paper describes a balcony whose ceiling is made from materials of inhomogeneous impedance which eliminates this drawback. The nonuniform impedance affects wave behavior by altering the direction of energy flux away from the region of a balcony as it reflects on the ceiling. A proposed realization of the balcony ceiling comprises a closely spaced array of progressively tuned hollow narrow tubes which create a phase gradient. The acoustic performance of a balcony with an inhomogeneous ceiling surface is examined theoretically by a ray-based model. All of the results predicted by the theory fit well with numerical simulations using a two-dimensional finite element method. Balconies with the proposed ceilings have the potential to be widely used in a roadside multi-residential building against the exterior traffic noise.

Journal

Building and EnvironmentElsevier

Published: Nov 1, 2015

References

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