Most of the adhesives used in the marine industry are polymers with a mechanical behaviour which is strongly influenced by the strain rate. Therefore, it is important to predict with accuracy their viscous behaviour. To describe their mechanical behaviour in a bonded joint, a viscoelastic-viscoplastic constitutive law is proposed here. The viscous effects on the elastic behaviour are described using a spectral distribution, which divides the viscous strain as the sum of the strains of several viscous mechanisms, each of them with a different characteristic time and weight. The viscoplastic component of the model permits a better description of the strong non-linear behaviour of the adhesives. The parameters of the constitutive law are obtained using an inverse identification procedure coupled with a finite element model. Two creep tests, in two loading directions, are needed in order to identify the viscoelastic part. The viscoplastic part is identified using monotonic tests. In order to validate the behaviour law and the identification procedure, the adhesive HuntsmanTMAraldite 420A/B has been investigated and modelled. All the experimental tests have been conducted using the modified Arcan device.
International Journal of Adhesion and Adhesives – Elsevier
Published: Apr 1, 2018
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