The determination of gallic acid (GA) and uric acid (UA) is essential due to their biological properties. Numerous methods have been reported for the analysis of GA and UA in various real samples. However, the development of a simple, rapid and practical sensor still remains a great challenge. Here, a carbon paste electrode (CPE) was modified by nanocomposite containing zirconia nanoparticles (ZrO2NPs), Choline chloride (ChCl) and gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) to construct ZrO2-ChCl-AuNPs/CPE as electrochemical sensor for the simultaneous electro-oxidation of GA and UA. Characterization was performed by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, field emission scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy. The modified electrode was investigated by different methods including electrochemical impedance spectroscopy and cyclic voltammetry. Kinetic parameters such as charge transfer coefficient, standard heterogeneous electron transfer rate constant and other parameters were calculated via voltammetry techniques. Differential pulse voltammetry was used for simultaneous determination of GA and UA applying the ZrO2-ChCl-AuNPs/CPE electrode. At the optimum conditions, this sensor showed a linear response in the ranges 0.22– 55 and 0.12–55 µM for GA and UA, respectively. In addition, low detection limits of 25 and 15 nM were obtained for GA and UA, respectively. Furthermore, ZrO2-ChCl-AuNPs/CPE was successfully applied for the independent determination of GA in green tea and fruit juice as well as the simultaneous determination of GA and UA in human urine samples.
Biosensors and Bioelectronics – Elsevier
Published: Aug 30, 2018
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