A short review on reverse osmosis pretreatment technologies

A short review on reverse osmosis pretreatment technologies 1 Introduction</h5> There're almost 26 countries that lack access to pure water resources to sustain agricultural and economic developments, and more or less one billion people have been deprived of pure drinking water. Middle East is among those regions where fresh water scarcity has severely affected agricultural capability and public life. Not to mention that the demand for pure water will dramatically increases according to the world statistics forecasting 40–50% population growth over the next 50 years. Thus, conservation and recycling of water for consumption can minimize the problem to some extent [76] . More or less, 98% of the available water in the world isn't available for direct consumption due to salinity. As water scarcity in many regions of the world is becoming an undeniable fact, efforts have been made to develop technologies for alternative water resources. Thermal desalination processes have been a great option, yet require high capital and operating costs due to installation, maintenance, and energy used. Toward minimizing the overall desalination cost, reverse osmosis membrane filtration (RO) has been widely used and is recently becoming an important alternative source of clean water [63] . There're more than 15,000 desalination plants around the world providing http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Desalination Elsevier

A short review on reverse osmosis pretreatment technologies

Desalination, Volume 354 – Dec 1, 2014

Loading next page...
 
/lp/elsevier/a-short-review-on-reverse-osmosis-pretreatment-technologies-e0IdLPF1CG
Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V.
ISSN
0011-9164
eISSN
1873-4464
D.O.I.
10.1016/j.desal.2014.09.017
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

1 Introduction</h5> There're almost 26 countries that lack access to pure water resources to sustain agricultural and economic developments, and more or less one billion people have been deprived of pure drinking water. Middle East is among those regions where fresh water scarcity has severely affected agricultural capability and public life. Not to mention that the demand for pure water will dramatically increases according to the world statistics forecasting 40–50% population growth over the next 50 years. Thus, conservation and recycling of water for consumption can minimize the problem to some extent [76] . More or less, 98% of the available water in the world isn't available for direct consumption due to salinity. As water scarcity in many regions of the world is becoming an undeniable fact, efforts have been made to develop technologies for alternative water resources. Thermal desalination processes have been a great option, yet require high capital and operating costs due to installation, maintenance, and energy used. Toward minimizing the overall desalination cost, reverse osmosis membrane filtration (RO) has been widely used and is recently becoming an important alternative source of clean water [63] . There're more than 15,000 desalination plants around the world providing

Journal

DesalinationElsevier

Published: Dec 1, 2014

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off